Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are often devastating. They take a toll not only on the victim’s cognitive function, but also their mobility, sensory processing, mental health and overall well-being. They can cause permanent impairments and even personality changes. More severe TBIs can be life-shattering.
There are three main categories of TBIs:
- Mild brain injuries, including concussions, don’t involve skull fractures or penetration into the skull. However, they are still very serious. They can cause long-term effects such as diminished memory, sensory issues, attention deficits and other cognitive impairments. They also result in an increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and other neurodegenerative conditions later in life.
- Moderate brain injuries cause permanent impairments. They may involve skull fractures and penetrating injuries. However, it’s still possible to lead a full life with these injuries.
- Severe brain injuries are the most devastating. They typically require a lifetime of round-the-clock care. Victims may be unable to speak or walk. Their quality of life is significantly diminished, and their loved ones also suffer a tremendous loss of the person they once knew.
Every brain injury is different, and it’s impossible to predict the exact outcome for any level of TBI. Getting prompt medical care is essential even for mild TBIs.
How brain injuries happen
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the most common causes of traumatic brain injuries are:
- Motor vehicle accidents
Sports injuries, particularly in high-contact sports such as football, are another common cause of mild TBIs and concussions.
Whenever negligence is a contributing cause of brain injuries, the victim and their loved ones may have a personal injury case. A legal claim offers a way to pursue compensation that will alleviate the tremendous financial ramifications of a TBI.